What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?



CBT is a talk therapy that helps people identify and change disturbing or destructive thoughts that negatively affect one’s emotions and behavior. . This type of treatment, also known as cbt therapy, helps people identify their negative thoughts that contribute to or worsen their emotional difficulty, anxiety, or depression.

Through CBT, these thoughts are replaced by more realistic and objective opinions. It is more than just identifying a person’s thought process. A wide range of strategies is used to help people overcome such thoughts. Some methods may include relaxation techniques, journaling, and role-playing to help identify and change such behaviors.


CBT has several techniques that address emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. They can range from structured therapies to psychotherapies and self-help material.

Some types are:

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

Addresses behaviors and thoughts while incorporating strategies such as mindfulness and emotional regulation.

Cognitive Therapy

This addresses and identifies inaccurate behavior, distorted thoughts, and emotional responses.

Multimodal Therapy

This therapy type focuses on interconnected psychological issues; they include effect, sensation, behavior, cognition, imagery, biological factors, and interpersonal factors.

Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy

Involves identifying beliefs and challenging irrational beliefs, and then changing these thought patterns.

Although every type of therapy has a different teaching method, their main goal is to address negative thoughts and patterns.


CBT is used to effectively treat a problem in the short term where a particular problem persists. Patients are told to focus on their current thoughts and beliefs.

Additionally, cbt therapy is used to treat several conditions, including:

  • Anger issues
  • Anxiety
  • Addictions
  • Bipolar
  • Eating disorders
  • Depression
  • Panic Attacks
  • Phobias
  • Personality disorders
  • Problems with stress

This type of therapy is goal-oriented, where the therapist plays an active part by working with the patient towards a goal. This process is explained in detail, and often patients are given homework to complete at home.


The central concept behind cbt therapy is that thoughts and emotions play a fundamental role in behavior. It might be that a person who spends a lot of his time thinking plane crashes might avoid traveling by plane at all. CBT teaches that even though some things are beyond your control, the way you deal with those things and thoughts is what matters.

The patient can take control and interpret their behavior as they like according to their environment. CBT has gained a lot of popularity in recent years amongst medical professionals and mental health consumers.

Some of the reasons are:

  • It is an effective short term treatment option.
  • People can adopt healthy thinking habits by becoming aware of their negative thoughts.
  • It helps people with certain conditions that don’t require psychotropic medication.
  • It is also more affordable than some other type of therapy.
  • It is proven to cure patients with maladaptive behaviors.

One of the most significant advantages of cognitive-behavioral therapy is that this form of therapy teaches patients techniques that help them throughout their lives.


People often experience feelings that force them to think about unrealistic things. This behavior can lead to problematic behavior that often disrupts your everyday life and family.

Identifying Negative Thoughts

Identifying negative thoughts is an essential part of CBT. The process can be complicated, especially for those who struggle with introspection, but it ultimately leads to insights and self-discovery indispensable in the therapy.

Set Goals

Setting goals is also an essential part of CBT. Here your therapist will teach you how to set goals and identify between short and long-term goals to improve your condition. It also teaches you to focus on the present rather than worrying about the outcome of this therapy.

Self Monitor

Just like writing everything in a journal, self-monitoring is also essential. This helps you record all your feelings and then share them with your doctor to identify the problem’s root cause. Self-monitoring is the best way you can give to your therapist to develop a solution to treat your medical condition.


CBT is also known as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and has gained a lot of popularity nowadays. Since this is a method where the least medications are used, patients often prefer this therapy type to recover. Although it is relatively a new way to treat patients with depression or anxiety, it has proven to benefit the patients who take it.

If you feel you are suffering from anxiety or depression, please visit a doctor or a general physician to diagnose your problem. Share your situation with your friends and family to help overcome such issues.



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